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Actual causes of spotting before period

Pink discharge before period

Spotting before a woman’s period may indicate the development of a pathological process in the female reproductive system. It can rarely occur as a normal phenomenon. It should be borne in mind that red or brown vaginal discharge is not the only factor that should be paid attention to. The time of occurrence of the discharge, its smell, the woman’s age, physiological state and features of the woman’s sexual life are also important.

Spotting before period as a normal phenomenon

During the menstrual cycle, the uterine cervix is tightly closed and blocked by a mucous plug, which prevents infection from penetrating into the uterus. Immediately after ovulation, the female reproductive system prepares for pregnancy – the uterus gathers fluid and swells, and an extra lining layer on which the fertilized zygote should entrench itself is formed.

However, due to family planning and prevention of unintended pregnancy, the egg dies and tears away together with the additional epithelium of the uterus and its blood vessels. Since the reproductive system must be cleansed of the blood and dead cells, the cervix slightly opens its canal. With insufficient plasticity of the cervical muscles, this process can take up to 2-3 days during which there a slight spotting is noticed.

Therefore, the appearance of red or brown discharge 2 to 3 days before menstruation can be considered a normal phenomenon. Such phenomena are particularly peculiar to teenage girls and women of 30-35 years old with no children.

Spotting associated with the features of a sexual life

The entire menstrual cycle is controlled by the hormone system that is very sensitive to external and internal environmental factors. Therefore, rough sexual life as well as protection methods may leave their mark during all the menstrual phases.

Spotting occurring 2 to 3 days before a woman’s period can be caused by the following:

  • In some cases, rough sexual intercourses and inconvenient sex positions lead to micro traumas and fractures in the mucous membranes of the vagina and cervix.
  • Use of oral contraceptives. At the beginning of the use of hormonal contraceptives, many women experiences spotting before menstruation.
  • An intrauterine device may also affect the speed of opening of the cervical canal.

Abnormal spotting before period

Spotting occurring a week before a woman’s period as well as spotting with an unusually bright scarlet color or unpleasant odor are always a sign of disease.

Reddish vaginal discharge

The reddish color of vaginal secretions indicates blood admixture saturated with oxygen, which occurs only in the arterial vessels. Woman should always be concerned at the occurrence of liquid or mucous vaginal secretions with bright bloody streaks because it is a characteristic symptom of cervical erosion and ulceration.

Causes of sporting before normal period

Reddish vaginal secretions may also appear due to injuries in the vagina of a woman with active sexual life.

Pink vaginal discharge before period

Spotting appearing 4 to 7 days before the onset of menstruation and having a pale pink shade often indicates inflammatory diseases – cervicitis and endometritis. Moreover, the liquid portion of the blood and red blood cells from the blood vessels sweat in the inflammation hotbed.

Since the body mainly responds to the presence of infection through inflammation, visiting a doctor once a pink vaginal discharge occurs becomes a must. Taking a vaginal smear through which the doctor will be able to prescribe an appropriate treatment is the most important.

Foul-smelling bloody vaginal discharge

The unpleasant odor of vaginal secretions is a symptom of most sexually transmitted diseases. Many of them such as gonorrhea and trichomoniasis can occur in women asymptomatically and appear only when they penetrate into the cervix and the uterus. In this case, a smearing red discharge with an unpleasant odor appears few days before menstruation.

In women with trichomoniasis, spotting often appears 2-3 days before menstruation, and very characteristic of the presence of gas bubbles in them.

Brown vaginal discharge

When brown vaginal discharge appears before a period, regardless of its appearance and characteristics, a woman should see a doctor because cancer of the uterus could be one of the causes. Early diagnosis always leads to successful treatment. In this case, excessive suspiciousness therefore will only be to the advantage.

Brown discharge occurring 2-3 days before menstruation cannot be regarded as a characteristic symptom of cancer because they also occur during other diseases such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, formation of polyps, and ovarian dysfunction. Any of these diseases can cause infertility. Therefore consulting a qualified doctor is necessary.

Spotting mixed with pus

Yellow-green discharge with streaks of pus before the start of a woman’s period indicates very dangerous processes – pyometra and cervical cancer. Pyometra is the inflammation of the inner layer of the uterus caused by infection of the uterus by pyogenic microorganisms. The cervical canal remains closed and slightly opens only during a woman’s period. This leads to pus and blood accumulating in the cavity of the uterus. If untreated, this chronic process can quickly degenerate into septicemia – a life-threatening condition popularly called pyemia.

Spotting before menstruation can be a kind of normal phenomenon in teenage girls and nulliparous women (women who have never given birth). In other cases, the woman should pay attention to the accompanying symptoms that may indicate the development of a pathological process.