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Blood Clots During Period: Top 9 Causes You Should Know About

Clumps blood vagina

Judging how different we feel during period, every female organism has its individual design. However, there are also problems, typical for many women, menstrual blood clots, for instance. Reasons of such a condition can be both quite harmless and dangerous. We will look through the most widespread ones, discover mechanisms of clotting and give recommendations on when to seek medical help. So, this article will be interesting and useful for all women who wonder about period blood clots.

Menstrual Clotting Of Blood: How Does It Occur?

Lumps of blood themselves don’t present any threat to your reproductive health. As you have probably noticed, clots in period happen when bleeding becomes profuse. Also clots occur during night sleep when vagina accumulates bloody discharge and blood coagulates, being inside. Masses of thickened blood can range in size from 5 mm to 4 cm. What do they indicate? Only that a part of blood has coagulated in vagina, i.e. ferments, preventing clotting failed to complete their goal. Usually you shouldn’t worry or panic about that, however, sometimes it’s a symptom, accompanying some serious gynecological conditions.

When menses occur regularly, without much pain, clotting shouldn’t alarm you, whereas intense pain is a weighty reason to visit a gynecologist as soon as possible.

Large blood clots during period sometimes happen in women after childbirth. If it has been about 4 weeks since the delivery and a woman gets coagulums, they can be remains of placenta. Another option suggests weak uterine contractions which will improve if you take special remedies, promoting womb contractions.

What Causes Blood Clots?

  1. Hormonal imbalance. Teenage girls and women after childbirth most frequently report abundant menstrual discharge with lumps. Women, entering premenopause, also often complain of clotting during period. Bottom line: establishment of menstrual cycle or imbalance in normal levels of female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone) may cause such a phenomenon.
  2. High estrogen level. In combination with low progesterone it leads towards thickening of uterine lining. During menses its fragments get out as lumps of jelly blood. Oral contraceptives, hormonal medications or intrauterine spiral may trigger such disorders in women of reproductive age.
  3. Miscarriage. If you have been planning pregnancy and got blood clots during period, yellowish or grayish in hue, unfortunately, they indicate separation of the fertilized egg. Consult your gynecologist.
  4. Endometriosis. If profuse menses bother you, a gynecologist suspects adenomyosis or uterine endometriosis, first of all. Endometriosis, the most widespread disease affecting female reproductive organs, is characterized by occurrence of fragments, reminding uterine lining – endometrium, in organs other than womb. When endometrium fragments grow into the uterine muscle layer, this condition is especially dangerous (adenomyosis). Endometriosis develops as a background of hormonal imbalance, so it induces profuse menses with coagulums.
  5. Uterine new growth. Intensive periods with clumps of hardened blood are constant companions of uterine myoma, cysts or polyps, growing on uterine walls or in cervix. Remaining benign formations, they still provoke hormonal disorders and considerable blood loss. Women shouldn’t ignore untypical menstrual discharge, since in rare cases it serves as a symptom of ontological conditions (cervical or uterine cancer). Excessive blood loss during menses often causes anemia, irritability, short breath, breakdown, etc.
  6. Diseases, affecting pelvic organs. Infectious and inflammatory diseases, affecting pelvic organs, often spread to womb, ovaries, and Fallopian tubes. As a result, a woman gets profuse menstrual discharge with thickened masses and low abdominal pain.
  7. Iron-deficiency anemia. You can correct this condition, introducing more products, rich in iron into your diet. Your doctor may prescribe iron-containing supplements, but you shouldn’t use them without corresponding recommendations.
  8. Other blood issues. Blood clots during period may be associated with certain genetic anomalies. Excessive activity of platelets or insufficient concentration of anticoagulants may cause clotting in period. To detect these causes you need blood testing.
  9. Other causes. Chronic thyroid conditions, liver and kidney diseases often induce abundant menses. For women, suffering from anemia and poor blood coagulation, intense menstrual bleeding, accompanied by clots, is a symptom of an underlying condition.

Clumps In Menstrual Discharge: When To Seek Medical Help?

Consult your doctor as soon as possible if you have encountered the following conditions:

  • Very profuse or scanty period with clots that you have for the first time
  • Menstrual bleeding longer that 7 days, accompanied by intense pain
  • Fatigue or breakdown during period
  • Clumps, quite big in size with unpleasant odor
  • Grayish or yellowish lumps (may signal about miscarriage in early pregnancy)
  • Irritability, very abundant bleeding

Occasionally even some very simple reasons, such as a common cold, induce clotting. If it bothers you and you suspect something abnormal, don’t postpone your visit to a gynecologist. Otherwise, monitor your condition through the next few menstrual cycles and note your observations. Pay attention to accompanying symptoms and painful sensations. Don’t ignore anything suspicious when it comes to your reproductive health. Be attentive to your body and love yourself.