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Cramps But No Period: 5 Major Culprits & Useful Recommendations

Cramping but no period

Cramps but no period is a meaningful phenomenon for a woman. Pregnancy is the first thing that comes to mind. However, this is not the only cause of such a condition. Anyway, a woman should react properly. The cramps aren’t necessarily associated with serious pathologies, but gynecological consultation in this case is still recommended. Here is what your cramps may be caused by and how you should react in case you encounter this unusual yet frequently occurred situation.

Cramps But No Period: What’s the Matter?

  1. Pregnancy. When there are cramps but period doesn’t start, a possibility of pregnancy in sexually active women is not excluded. In this case the pains, similar to those you experience during period, indicate increased uterine tone. You must have a pregnancy test and contact a gynecologist immediately in case of a positive result, as increased tone of the womb may trigger a miscarriage.
  2. Implantation. The process of embedment of the fertilized egg (blastocyst) into the uterine wall is referred to as implantation. This phenomenon occurs about a week before period and is a starting point of pregnancy. For some women it may pass unnoticed, while others experience low abdominal cramps (similar to those you have before period) and/or implantation spotting.
  3. Ectopic pregnancy. If this is the reason, a woman would suffer from pulling prolonged pains on the left or on the right. Period doesn’t start, the painful sensations may alternate – strong and weak ones, strong again, etc. Alternatively, pain may be constant, throbbing. These symptoms are often accompanied by lightheadedness and nausea, loss of consciousness. In this case it’s better to call the ambulance. If a woman with ectopic pregnancy doesn’t get timely medical help, her fallopian tube may rupture, causing internal bleeding.
  4. Ovulation pains. They resemble cramps before period but occur approximately in the middle of menstrual cycle. Every 5th woman experiences this kind of pain during ovulation. Ovulation pains often bother girls-teenagers when their menstrual cycle is establishing. Another pattern is regular ovulation pains after the cycle has already established. This aspect is individual. Such a symptom is not pathological, it’s rather an individual physiological feature of your organism. Sometimes menstrual cycle is prolonged due to ovulation disorders. An acute inflammation, emotional shock, late ovulation or its absence may lead to this change.
  5. Acyclic pains. It’s when your cramps are intensifying, then weakening, then intensifying again, but period doesn’t start. Acyclic pains aren’t related to menstruation. They may be caused by endometriosis, uterine adhesions, pelvic congestion syndrome or pelvic varicose veins. Acyclic pains may not be a symptom of gynecological conditions. They may provoke cystitis, colitis, urolithic illness, etc. Certainly, in this case medical diagnostics of your condition is crucial.

Cramping But No Period: What To Do?

  • Delay in period for 1-2 days may be provoked by stress, change of climate or usage of some medications. To find out the exact cause of your menstrual disorder you need to make an appointment with a gynecologist. A specialist will do the necessary tests and exams. Usually a blood test and ultrasound are enough. To determine the reason of delay in more complicated cases it’s recommended to do test for hormones.
  • If your period is delayed for longer than 3 days, buy a pregnancy test. To get a more trustworthy result, purchase in a pharmacy 2 tests from different manufacturers. Study the instructions carefully and test your morning urine.
  • Sometimes pregnancy tests don’t give a unanimous answer. To dispel doubts you can do a blood test for hCG.
  • If the test is positive, pulling/cramping in the lower abdomen may be physiological, because uterine muscles begin to stretch. However, unpleasant sensations may also be a sign of a beginning miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Contact your doctor immediately.

Pay attention! Don’t use painkillers or alcohol to relax. Remember that your condition may be a pregnancy symptom.

Cramping but no period is an ambiguous situation. You may be dealing with menstrual disorders, pregnancy or normal physiological processes, typical for menstrual cycle. Nevertheless, if pregnancy is possible, until you visit your doctor, try not to use any medications. If cramps cause much discomfort, ask for an anasthetic that can be taken during pregnancy in the pharmacy.