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Methods for Detecting Fertility

What does brown discharge detectinh?

Planning a pregnancy is a crucial tool for strategic modeling of your family life. A difficulty to conceive is not always a sign of infertility but rather lack of knowledge in regards to when you have the highest chances to get pregnant. A well-known fact states that pregnancy can occur only during specific days of menstrual cycle, when you ovulate. In this relation, World Health Organization offers a few efficient methods of detecting fertility. Using these methods, you can precisely define those most favorable days for conception in every cycle.

There are 2 groups of pregnancy planning methods:

  1. Pregnancy planning calendar methods
  2. Pregnancy planning symptomatic methods

Planning a Pregnancy With Methods Based on Symptoms

  • Basal Body Temperature Method. During menstrual cycle the level of hormones changes, which leads towards fluctuations of basal body temperature that a woman is supposed to measure daily first time in the morning after she wakes up. Normally, basal body temperature falls 1-2 days prior to ovulation and rises 2 days after it.
  • Sympto-Thermal Method. Using this method, a woman doesn’t only monitor her basal body temperature alterations but also pays attention to other indirect ovulation symptoms, such as pulling low-abdominal pains during ovulation, slight ovulation spotting, etc. These signs are rather individual for every woman.
  • Method of cervical secretions. During a few menstrual cycles a woman watches and fixes information about the character, consistency and amount of her discharge. Before ovulation and exactly in the moment when it occurs, vaginal discharge is transparent, thin and stretchy, similar to raw egg whites. After ovulation and menstruation vaginal discharge is moderate in amount, cloudy, thick and sticky.

Planning a Pregnancy With Calendar Methods

  • Standard Days Calendar Method. If your menstrual cycle has been invariable for 26-32 days long, your ovulation normally occurs approximately 14 days before the next menstruation. This method, however, doesn’t work for women, who have at least 1 cycle during a year that is shorter than 26 or longer than 32 days.
  • Calendar-Rhythm Method. Some women don’t fit into regular cycle schemes and may have the 2nd phase of their menstrual cycle shortened. If you haven’t had menstrual disorders, you may try this method, monitoring the duration of your last 6-12 menstrual cycles and detecting your ovulation dates.

Planning a Pregnancy: What Method Is the Best for Me?

The most accurate results are naturally achieved when a woman uses a combination of the methods, listed above. However, depending on the physiological changes in the female organism after childbirth and during breastfeeding, there are certain nuances that require further clarification.

If you are breastfeeding…

Methods of fertility monitoring work for women during the period of breastfeeding, however, they usually turn out to be less efficient than any other time.

  • Less than 6 weeks after delivery. As you are breastfeeding and your baby is not getting any additional nutrition other than your breast milk, during this period until your menstruation restarts there are almost no chances that you may conceive again. However, when your baby is starting to get additional sources of nutrition, a possibility that your fertility has renewed is much higher.
  • After renewal of menstruation. 6 months after delivery a woman begins to notice first signs of fertility, such as cervical secretions, typical for ovulation. This is the right time to start using the methods, based on symptoms, described above. The calendar method can be used after 3 menstrual cycles of approximately similar lengths.

If you are NOT breastfeeding…

  • Less than 4 weeks after delivery. In women, who are not breastfeeding, during the first 4 weeks after delivery the ovarian function is too weakened and insufficient to present any reliable fertility signs or hormonal changes. Therefore, pregnancy planning method won’t be effective enough. Nevertheless, it should be kept in mind that a small possibility to get pregnant again during this period still exists.
  • More than 4 weeks after delivery. By the end of the 4th week after delivery if you are not breastfeeding, your ovarian function is restored enough to present you with evident fertility signs. During this period a possibility to get pregnant again is higher than in women who are breastfeeding. If since the delivery you have already had 3 menstruations with regular cycles, you may use the calendar method, described above.

After abortion

An ability to conceive after abortion usually revives very quickly. In women, who have had abortions, ovaries work productively enough to cause hormonal changes and pronounced fertility signs. Since you’ve had at least one menstruation, you may use either method of detecting fertility among those we have described.

Despite all the conveniences of pregnancy planning methods, there are factors impairing their efficiency.

When You Can’t Rely on Pregnancy Planning Methods?

  1. Abnormal vaginal discharge and irregular bleeding. When a woman has abnormal vaginal discharge, it’s quite problematic to spot cervical mucus during ovulation. The same is true for irregular spotting and bleeding. These symptoms are usually caused by pathologies which must be timely diagnosed and treated.
  2. Usage of some medications. Some medications influence hormonal level, regularity of your menstrual cycle and fertility signs, thus, making the usage of pregnancy planning methods impossible. Hormonal, anti-inflammatory drugs and some kinds of antibiotics belong to this group of medications. The usage of sleeping pills, tricyclic and lithium antidepressants can also significantly impair your results when using methods, detecting fertility.
  3. Conditions, causing increased body temperature. If you are getting sick even with a common cold, your body temperature may rise, affecting the results of your basal body temperature. Therefore, during the days while you are sick, your results for basal body temperature chart will be uninformative. However, you can keep monitoring your symptoms, since increased body temperature doesn’t impact vaginal secretions, associated with ovulation.
  4. Chronic diseases. There are also chronic conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, for instance, which influence regularity of menstrual cycle. In this case the usage of calendar methods, detecting fertility, doesn’t make any sense.

Obviously, all the methods, identifying the most fertile days, are grouped around the idea of tracking ovulation. Approximately 10-15% of couples have to deal with difficulty to conceive a baby. If you have encountered this problem as well, try to approach it in an organized manner, using the methods detecting fertility, and renewing your attempts during the most favorable days.