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Missed Period But It’s Not Pregnancy: 7 Reasons Of What It Can Be

Period miss after first sex

When a woman has delay of menses, the first thought visiting her mind is pregnancy, especially if tests show negative results. Well, firstly, these results may be false negative. Secondly, there’s a wide range of causes, triggering late menstruation. If you have encountered the mentioned problem, this article is for you. We will throw light on why menstruation can be late, discover whether missed period carries any dangers & see when pregnancy testing shows false negative results.

Reasons For A Missed Period, Pregnancy Excluded

  1. Delays after menarche (first menstruation). Menarche normally occurs in girls 12-14 y.o., sometimes a little earlier or later. After menarche during 1-2 years girls often experience delays because normal hormonal background of young female organism needs time for establishment. So, stop worrying about it.
  2. Delays after childbirth. Missed menses after childbirth occur because of raised prolactin level (hormone, responsible for lactation). If women avoid breastfeeding, the delay will be minimal – no more than 6-8 weeks. Breastfeeding mothers lack menses through lactation time – 2-3 years! However, exclusions also happen: only 1,5-2 months free of menstruation after childbirth. Well, every organism works individually.
  3. Endocrine disorders. Reproductive health depends directly on functional activity of endocrine system. Changes in hypophyseal portal system, thyroid gland or adrenals can cause ovarian dysfunction, involving menstrual disorders. Ovaries themselves play the role of an important compound in both reproductive & endocrine systems, since they deliver ovum every month & produce sex hormones. Inflammatory processes affecting ovaries often induce such an ambiguous situation as missed period but not pregnancy.
  4. Certain gynecological conditions. Not only endocrine but also gynecological conditions cause missed menses. Ovarian function suffers from such pathologies as uterine myoma, inflammations, affecting female reproductive organs, adenomyosis, endometriosis, cervical or uterine cancer, etc. Often inflammatory processes inside ovaries postpone the menstruation onset for 5-10 days.
  5. Polycystic ovarian syndrome. If you have missed period but it’s not pregnancy and the situation reoccurs frequently, you have excessive weight, excessive hair on face and body according to male type, oily skin and hair, you might have polycystic ovarian syndrome. However, not necessarily: eastern women, for instance, often experience excessive hair growth due to physiological, not pathological reasons. In female patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome blood test shows a raised level of male sex hormone testosterone. Its excess upsets menstrual cycle & triggers infertility, since high testosterone prevents ovulation. Special oral contraceptives for women with high testosterone treat this condition and improve woman’s appearance.
  6. Abnormal body weight. No period, not pregnant… what’s the matter? Deviations in normal body weight may also explain why menses start late. Find out whether your weight is normal. Calculate your body mass index: divide your body mass (kilos) by your height (square meters). If the number is more than 25, you have extra weight, less than 18, weight deficiency. Having normalized your weight, you can restore your normal menstrual cycle.
  7. Other causes. Female organism is so fragile. Hard physical or intellectual work, nervous stresses, climate zone changes or certain medications may postpone menstruation.

Missed Period But It’s Not Pregnancy: Dangerous Or Not?

Delays specifically don’t carry any dangers, but certain threats might lie within the cause that has triggered this result. So, don’t neglect such symptoms. Ovarian inflammations, uterine myoma & other gynecological or endocrine conditions can provoke serious consequences, including infertility if untreated.

Besides, sexually active women need menses to monitor their condition and notice initial pregnancy signs. Irregular menstrual cycle doesn’t belong to specific serious diseases. But any woman should watch regularity of her menstrual bleeding. Delay of menses almost always indicates health issues.

Missed Period & Negative Pregnancy Test

False negative testing occurs quite often. Wait, don’t blame manufacturers or poor products’ quality, let’s see when your results can turn out false negative.

  • If women don’t follow all the instructions.
  • If women do testing too early. Normally chorionic gonadotropin level raises by the expected menstruation date which helps in pregnancy determination. But sometimes this indicator remains low for weeks since conception, so testing shows negative results. When you have doubts, repeat testing later, using tests from other manufacturers.
  • If women have late ovulation. Sometimes ovulation date shifts closer towards the cycle beginning or its end. In rare cases it occurs during menstrual bleeding. When you have late ovulation, by the first days after the date of expected menstruation, chorionic gonadotropin level in urine stays too low for reliable testing.

Every sexually active woman thinks about conception. Of course, conception belongs to major, but not the only reason why period is late. If you had unprotected sex during those days, favorable for conception, pregnancy has quite big chances. Late period, not pregnant because testing says so? You might have done it too early. Repeat it in a few days, and the answer will come.