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What Is a Period? 12 Important Facts Every Girl Should Know

Why girls are uneasy when period?

What is a period? Contemporary girls usually have an idea, but often not all the details of this “mysterious” event seem to be absolutely clear. Some girls feel extremely awkward to ask mother or other adults in the family about the things that bother them. At the same time, what may be more important than being confident that everything is okay with you? Here is everything you want to know about period but feel uneasy to ask.

What Is a Period? Hurray! The Brightest Sign of Your Puberty!

A period, menstruation and menses mean all the same: shedding of the uterine lining (endometrium) in the end of menstrual cycle. It happens every month if a woman doesn’t get pregnant.

Menstruation is the most important event in the girl’s puberty and an eloquent sign that she is becoming a young woman. The attitude towards the onset of menstruation ranges between girls. More advanced teenage girls, who understand what the reproductive system is and how it works, are waiting for the first period with impatience and feel excited about it. Feeling anxious about menstruating may be associated with the girl’s unwillingness to become adult or lack of basic information about special features of female organism.

It’s a Natural Outcome of Your Menstrual Cycle

Your ovaries store thousands of woman’s eggs in follicles. They have always been there since you were born and even before. Certain hormones, released in your brain (by pituitary), cause one egg in one of the ovaries to mature and come out in every menstrual cycle. The follicles that keep the eggs begin to produce hormone estrogen. This hormone triggers thickening of the womb lining (it’s preparing to receive the fertilized egg if a woman gets pregnant in the current month).

If a woman has unprotected sex and the egg gets fertilized, she will become pregnant. If not, the increased levels of hormones estrogen and progesterone will drop, making the uterine lining break down and detach itself, triggering the onset of period.

It’s Your Monthly Special Days: What Should You Know About Them?

  1. A period is a part of your menstrual cycle. It must occur every month until the moment when you get pregnant.
  2. Periods occur every month from the moment of your first menstruation until the age of 45-55, when you enter menopause.
  3. Period begins in girls, aged between 8 and 16. Most commonly it starts at 12. Early puberty is more characteristic for girls, who were overweight in early childhood. The time of first menstruation is also conditioned by a hereditary factor.
  4. If a girl starts menstruating early, she has more chances that her future kids will be overweight.
  5. Menstrual cycle lasts from the 1st day of one period till the 1st day of the next period.
  6. Most often women menstruate every 28 days. Such menstrual cycle is referred to as a 28-day cycle. There are also 24-day cycles and 35-day cycles. Everything that is longer or shorter is rare, however, there are, for instance, 21-day cycles and even 42-day cycles.
  7. 21-day cycle is found in 28% of women, 28-day cycle – in 54%, 35-day cycle – in 12% and 42 day in only 6%.
  8. While your menstrual cycle is establishing, periods may be irregular and that is normal. The cycle is established within 1-2 years after menarche – the 1st menstruation in your life. If you keep having irregular periods afterwards, you must consult a gynecologist.
  9. It’s also true that various environmental factors, such as poor ecology, diseases, stresses, and overwork influence the regularity of your cycle. If you have had an emotional ovestrain in the current month, your cycle may be prolonged from usual 28 days to 32 days, for instance.
  10. It’s recommended to mark the days of every menstruation in the calendar. This way you will be able to monitor regularity and duration of your cycles.
  11. Normal duration of period ranges between 3 and 7 days. The first 2 days you are getting more abundant bleeding, the next days the bloody discharge is getting scantier and usually finishes as spotting.
  12. During menstruation a woman doesn’t lose much blood – 25-50 g during all the days of period. The blood is red (can be little brownish in the beginning and the end), may have some clots but it doesn’t clot and has no specific odor (well, it does if you don’t change your sanitary pads regularly).

Understanding what monthly period is will save you from unwanted anxiety and fears as you are expecting your first menstruation. Period is a sign that you are becoming a wholesome young woman, who can have her own kids in future. Menstruation is not something you should be afraid of. It comes but life goes on. It’s just that you are special now.